Actual issue 1/2018

In the new issue Verba Theologica (1/2018) can you find these studies:

The Culture of traditional Muslim Egyptian society as a context for Christian bioethics
Jaroslav FRANC

Bioethical issues have been officially discussed in the Coptic Orthodox Church since 1987. Bioethical questions as well as answers presented by the church authorities disclose the strong influence of traditional Muslim culture of Egypt. The fundamental Christian bioethics is missing; however, we can find at least studies focused on special bioethical issues. Before the first official statement of the Coptic Orthodox Church to bioethical issues was published the bioethical studies of the Coptic monk and theologian Matthew the Poor were published in late sixties. In his bioethical studies we can recognise wider theological concept, nevertheless, the fundamental bioethics is still missing. Still, his bioethical reasoning is also under strong influence of modern Egyptian culture based on the religion of Islam. The paper focuses on the description of the affiliation between the tenets of Muslim culture and the Christian theological discussion.

The Open Gate to Transcultural Esthetics
František BURDA

The topic of this paper is the specific transcultural point of esthetics. The pathical dimension of esthetics in culture is here taken as the sub-topic. The author scrutinizes it in detail, especially in terms of anthropological meanings. Pathos forms the esthetical principle and because of it, it has its own fundamental ethical dimension. The approach of this paper is strictly methodologically anthropological; the pathical dimension of esthetics is critically conceived as a metaphysical part of culture sui generis and due to it, it creates the fundament for transcultural sociality.

The teaching of Pope Leo the great on the sacrament of baptism in the context of his work

In the submitted study, we pay attention to teaching on baptism in the context of the work of pope Leo the Great. We analyse Leo´s letters and homilies. In his letters, Leo focuses mainly on liturgical and pastoral questions associated with the sacrament of baptism. He also deals with Marian-ecclesial symbolism according to which the Virgin Mary becomes the image of baptistery of the Church where believers – members of Christ´s ecclesial body – are born. The third aspect developed by Leo in relation to baptism is almsgiving, to which the faithful are often invited. This act, like baptism, leads to forgiveness of sins. Leo´s theology of baptism has a Christological dimension connected to ecclesiology, with an impact on the sacramental life of believers. Leo thus becomes one of very few early Christian authors who indicated and developed Christological spirituality of „lay people“. Keywords: Leo I the Great, baptism,

Max Josef Metzger (1887-1944), a pioneer of Catholic ecumenism in Germany

The study relates to the personality of M.J. Metzger, as one of the relevant protagonist of ecumenical movement in Germany striving to build a path to the unity of the church at a theological and practical level. The study approaches his participation by founding of ecumenical fraternity Una Sancta, organization of ecumenical dialogs in Meitingen with the intention to consider fundamental ecclesiological topics among the theologians and believers of other Christian churches. At last it is mentioned his courageous step – the letter to the Pope Pius XII, in which he underlines the co-responsibility of Christians in the process of reconciliation of church and at the same time he critically describes the attitude of the Catholic Church to the ecumenism. Our scope is accentuate the prophetical Metzger’s view perceiving ecumenism as a part of the inner nature of the Church, and whose reform should culminate in calling the council, which also expects other Christian churches.

Derrida’s hospitality in a nutshell. An invitation

In this article the author introduces four ideas from the late works of the great French philosopher of the 20th centruy, Jacques Derrida that can be relevant when we discuss religion and religious topics. The author’s aim is to find common points, shared motifs that could lead to a major idea which rules
Derrida’s late philosophy. This idea will be the absolute hospitality, the hospitality to come. Through Derrida’s texts we will see the significance of religious motifs (God, messianism, etc.) gathering around the problem of hospitality.