Actual Issue 2/2018

In the new issue Verba Theologica (2/2018) can you find these studies:

An Interpretation of some Elements of the Pneumatology of F.-X. Durrwell

This essay deals with the person of the Holy Spirit. Tracing and interpreting the pneumatology of the French theologian François-Xavier Durrwell (1912-2005), this article shows that the author interprets the Spirit as the breath of the Father and the Son, rather than the one spirated by the Father and the Son. In him, the Father begets the Son. The Spirit is not an effect of divine activity; he is the divine activity. Understanding the Spirit as an act, which is based on biblical texts, implies an answer concerning the question of his origin. If the Spirit is the incessant movement, then proceeding from the Father he also proceeds from the Son. In an effort at terminological precision the author formulates the thesis that God the Father gives the Spirit (as his only Originator) and God’s Son shares this Spirit. In the immanent Trinity the Son shares the Spirit with the Father, in the economy he also shares him with human beings who believe in the Son.

The Rise, the Fall, and the Problem of Donatism
The Donatist schism marked the entire 4th century of Christianity in North Africa. The Roman authoritarian methods did not help in suppressing this schism, on the contrary, they aided the church of the martyrs in the faith in its own infallibility. But Donatim was not just a spiritual movement. The violent bands of the circumcelliones carried out attacks on the Catholic Church and its representatives as a church of betrayal, along with protests against Rome and its empire, with which they identified it. After the arrival of st. Augustine as a bishop in Hippo, the Catholic Church slowly grows up and tries to begin dialogue with donatists. The point of the effort is the Conference in Carthage 411. However, Augustine offered a path of reconciliation in his theology, he found the Donatists mistakes that led them away from true humility and reconciliation in the community of Catholica.

The Church as the Arena of Pre-Understanding
František BURDA

From the nature of the church that grows out of the Word of God, it follows that the Church is a catechetical community that listens and teaches docility to God's Word. There is a wide variety of forms of that word heard within this community. We can legitimately understand the Church as an arena of different understandings of God's word, whose limelight defines the bipolar structure of God's mysteries. Moreover, the hermeneutical approach leads us to the fact that the form of our listening is influenced by our pre-understanding, without which we can not speak of hearing, understanding; and which also fundamentally affects our own form of hearing. From the anthropological point of view, each question is in some way a response. The Catechumen, who is catechised by the Church, could not be catechised without having done something like precatechesis - pre-understanding. Whoever wants to be connected with the Church is already in touch with it, to a certain extent. The Church catechesizes far before the formal catechesis. The actual catechesis takes place in the arena of different understandings that communicate with various pre-understandings. Here the notion of space is an allusion to the harmonizing and reconciling function of the Holy Ghost.

A Critical Review of the Theory of the Stages of Dying by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
Martin UHER

In the mid-20th century, Elisabeth Kűbler-Ross described five stages (denial, anger, negotiation, depression, and acceptance) through which the dying passes. Her work was highly appreciated, she opened a new stage in exploring the process of dying, and her findings from interviews with the dying are still part of the curriculum at health schools.
In the scientific community, however, these conclusions are questioned, especially because of the absence of scientific work methodologists. Many authors point out that the uncritical acceptance of Kubeler-Ross theory can be detrimental to patients and carers, as they are not obligated to respect individual differences in the process of dying individuals. The author gives an overview of various critical views of the dying theory of Kubler-Ross, but does not deny that her theory opens the door (breaking the long-standing taboo) for a new stage in exploring the process of dying and death.