Actual issue 2/2017

In the new issue Verba Theologica (2/2017) can you find these studies:

The Compatibility of Bañezianism

In this article the author shows that the understanding of free will in Bañezianism is compatible with God’s influence on human action. He also proposes modifications to selected interpretations of Bañezianism in order to render these more intelligible. This view will be presented in relation to Molinism, which proposes a different solution to the question of God’s role in human action, one that coincides with libertarianism.

“Captured by Love” – The Kenotic Power of a Poor Lady and the Symbolism of her Room in the Prose of Jaroslav Durych

The aim of this article is to point out possibilities of theological-anthropological interpretation of the relation between man and woman as reflected in the work of Jaroslav Durych (1886–1962), the leading Czech Catholic writer of the first half of the 20th century. The point is here stressed that the specific structure of the meaning of his work refers to the determination of man in the eternal Trinitarian love rather than to individual accents of the author’s thinking. This referential potential is further elaborated by the reflection on the symbolism of female protagonists’ rooms in Durych’s writings.
The first part of the article lists various possibilities of theological approach to Durych’s literary work. It then introduces basic conceptual features of the narration about the relation between man and woman and mentions the possibility of understanding this narration as a parable of human existential pilgrimage. This contribution further hints at the work’s strong referential potential on the question of the determination of man in Christ. Finally, this potential is elaborated by the symbolism of female protagonists’ rooms.

The Theme of God’s Mercy in Psalm 89 in the Perspective of the Benedictus (Lk 1,68-79)

The two texts demonstrate the desire for the salvation of God‘s people of the Old Testament and ascribe the glory to God for this salvation. The first text shows the Psalmist and his call for salvation and the second poem portrays the priest Zachariah and his hymn glorifying God for saving Israel. This study brings biblical-theological perspective to the dynamics of life based on faith and hope of God‘s people, between the desire for salvation and the joy in its fulfillment.

The Gematria of 153 Fish in Augustine

This study analyzes Augustine’s interpretation of the number 153, found in John 21,11. Despite Augustine’s condemnation of those mathematicians who calculated a person’s destiny out of his or her birthday and name, we have to bear in mind the critical passage Gen. ad litteram 2, 17, 37. He immersed himself into the study of figures and numbers in the Bible, and their allegoric interpretation was part of his exegesis. In this we may be able to see not only a proof of his neo-platonian education, which comprised geometry and arithmetics, but also his inclination towards exact science. This paper is an attempt to compile and understand the texts of Augustine in which he interprets the Johannine number 153.

Mary and Postmodern Christianity. A Reflection on the Thoughts of Elmar Salmann
Ľubomír HLAD

After successfully overcoming the post-council crisis, Mariology is unanimously perceived as the „meeting discipline“ of various theological tracts, as „relationship discipline“, and „space for synthesis.“ If the words of the document of the International Papal Marian Academy (The Mother of the Lord, heritage, presence, hope of 2000, p. 22) retain their force, the Blessed Virgin is not only a peripheral element of Christian mystery or the marginal entry of faith and theology. The mystery of Mary studied by mariology conceals the potential to revive theology (both methodologically and in terms of content) as well as new-evangelistic ecclesiastical proclamation. The article attempts to reveal the ability of mariology to communicate fruitfully with postmodern theology, analyzed by the fundamental theologian E. Salamann.

Dostojevskij and Soloviov: The Legend of the Grand Inquisitor

This article deals with the relationship between Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky and Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov. At first, it focuses on historical and biographical facts about both Russians – one litterateur and the other theologian and philosopher. It refers to their mutual interchange of ideas and impact which they had on each other, especially in Dostoyevsky’s Legend of Grand Inquisitor, which was part of Dostoyevsky’s last novel The Brothers Karamazov. The article then analyzes the legend in the context of Solovyov’s ideas presented in his Lectures on Godman-hood and shows a development of Solovyov’s view of the Catholic Church. This provides the background for explaining the Legend – it should not be understood as a critique of Catholicism but as a critique of the abuse of authority.

Euthanasia as an Act of Last Will
Norbert SZANYI

This article deals with the phenomenon of euthanasia. It refers to the issue of understanding human death and the ongoing discusion on this topic. At first it presents the definition of euthanasia and it tries to describe what the concept of euthanasia means. In the second part, it draws attention to the opinions and views on the topic of euthanasia from selected German authors, who refuse classical arguments to justify the legitimacy of euthanasia and present arguments against it. Finally, the article contains a summary of the most important recent arguments about euthanasia and draws attention to the importance of assessing the intent of the act and the difference between the terms killing and letting die.

The Prayers of the Faithful in the Liturgy of Good Friday
Lukáš KNAP

This paper analyzes the general prayer of the faithful in the liturgy of the Great Friday. The aim of this study is to outline the historical development of the general prayers of the faithful in the liturgy in question. It is based on the historical and comparative analysis and examines the more significant texts of this prayer in the history of liturgical books, such as the Sacramentary, Pontifical, Ordine and various missals.

Vladimir Juhas