Actual Issue 2/2020

In the new issue Verba Theologica (2/2020) can you find these studies:

The Apology of Catholicism for the Index of Forbidden Books.
On some aspects of the dispute around the treatise The Gospel and the Church by Alfred Loisy

Tomáš PETRÁČEK

In this study, the author deals with the thought of Alfred Loisy (1857–1940), especially the reasons for his disputes with the ecclesiastical authorities, which ended in his works being put on the Index and eventually in his excommunication. He examines his apologetic work The Gospel and the Church and the subsequent treatise Autour d´un petit livre not only in the context of the time, but also in terms of the further development of Catholic biblical science. In the main part of the study, the author analyses the strengths and difficulties of Loisy’s thought and the main reasons why his approaches, especially redaction criticism and form criticism, to the study of the New Testament and the beginnings of the Church were sharply rejected at his time by the ecclesiastical authorities.

Was it Necessary to Feast or to Rejoice? (Luke 15,32)
A Study on the Semantics of εὐφραίνω in Luke

Jozef JANČOVIČ

This article focuses on the semantic and pragmatic aspect of specific Greek verb εὐφραίνω in the Gospel of Luke. The verb dominates in Luke especially in the parabolic motif of the feast (12:19; 15: 23, 24, 29, 32; 16:19), in which it acquires some characteristic features that were often overlooked in previous Slovak translations. The aim of this article is to suggest a more accurate and contextoriented
translation of the verb in the new Slovak translation of Luke.

The rejection of God as a postulate of freedom in the play
The Flies of J. P. Sartre

František BURDA

The study seeks to answer the question of the relationship between the rejection of God, the rejection of transcendence and the existential situation of man against the background of the play Fly. He also attempts to look into consciousness, which, as a result of the rejection of God, is related only to himself, and to consider how much this consciousness is related to the absolute. Sartre‘s conception of man is provocative, he opposes all forms of passive conformism, he urges man to immerse himself in the dynamic structure of his existence and to accept the responsibility for his choices. Sartre‘s work can also be read as a call to break down false models, as a subject for defending one‘s freedom. The emphasis on personal choice, which is accompanied by full responsibility for one‘s actions, the emphasis on human freedom, has a stimulating meaning. Sartre‘s shortcoming is the generalization and the shifting of the phenomenological level to the ontological one. Despite relatively strong arguments, he commits logical contradictions, which later affect his noetics. His method is to some extent a simplification and a caricature of God. Caricature is an effective and impressive way of expression, but numerous generalizations and simplistic views cannot be avoided. As a result of Sartre, Sartre does not deny, because he relates to non-Christian images of God who escapes his philosophical reflection.

„Jesus is Half Man, Half God, and so.“
Systematic-Theological and Religion-Pedagogical-Catechetical Approaches Annäherungen

Bernhard SCHÖRKHUBER

Who is Jesus Christ? When reading the Jesus stories, one’s own questions, hopes and longings are caught up in the field of tension that leads people to understand their lives more deeply and openly. In this new openness, freedom and concentration on the human being, the reality of God, upon which faith and trust are built, is experienced again and again in all the Jesus stories. In the interplay of didactics, religious education studies and theology, the task ofChristology didactics contours itself to master central questions of Christology in a thoughtful way.

Cardinal Newman, Revelation and the Development of Doctrine
František ŠTĚCH

This article deals with John Henry Newman’s account of revelation and the development of doctrine. It is intended as a contribution to the Czech and Slovak debate on Newman’s theological work which was revived after his canonisation in the year 2019. It starts with an overview of Newman’s understanding of God’s revelation (I.), continues with recalling his concept of doctrinal development (II.), and results in a synthesis (III.) presenting possibilities of inspiration we may draw from Newman’s scholarly work for a contemporary re-thinking of questions related to the concept of continual or new revelation. Based on encountering Newman’s thought, the concept of new revelation is critiqued, and a concluding terminological option is made for dependent revelation (instead of continuous or new revelation). This has an important consequence for the complex Christian theology of revelation. Dependent revelation is indispensably rooted in and based on the original revelation of Jesus Christ; it maintains development and includes new insights gained from particular experiences of faith throughout history, on the road towards the final, eschatological revelation. This account of revelation encourages Christians to rethink and experience again that God and human beings as well as time with eternity encounter one another within the Church.

Old and New in Harmony: Importance of Former Sources of Canon Law for the Current Church’s discipline
Szabolcs Anzelm SZUROMI, O. Praem

It is clear, that one of the chief characteristics of canonical material, which has be been kept throughout a period of more than two thousand years – not depending on its date of origin – is its “sacred character”. The Bible, the Holy Tradition and the Magisterium of the Church are basic and essential sources in the Church’s life, therefore these are also indispensable bases for canon law as a norm-system which regulates the relations among persons and objects which participate in her very life. In order to interpret correctly these norms, the canonist needs to know – at least on a basic level – the Corpus iuris canonici, including acquiring the meaning and method of the auxiliary abbreviation system. Good routine in the canonical Latin is an elementary presumption by the Code. These indicated capacities were served already by the annotated edition of CIC (1917) which contained the sources of each canon in abbreviated form, and it is true regarding the new Code of Canon Law too. Canon law itself is in a close relation to the pastoral and sacrament-administering life of the Church and its content together with its goal are defined by her funder. This is therefore that stability which among alterations of external conditions signifies the immutability in the historically institutionalized Church’s life.

Theological-ethical principle of personality and its current lines of thought
Ondřej HAVELKA

The principle of personality is one of the key starting points of theological ethics and the basis for other principles that arise from it, and are de facto an elaboration of the Christian understanding of man as a person with the transcendentally grounded dignity of God’s child, God’s image and God’s partner. The article presents the history of theological reflection on the concept of human being and two key models that have emerged in this context in Catholic theology. It also notes the risks of an extreme dynamic relational model of the concept of human being for the principle of personality and many areas of applied ethics, it views the ratio between person and nature, and draws attention to a certain mystery, incomprehensibility and impossibility of defining this key theological concept simply. The aim of the article is to rehabilitate – often neglected – Boëthi’s conception of human person, which should remain a mainstay for dynamic notional models of the conception of person, and to warn against the consequences of extreme relational models for a wide area of theological ethics. In accordance with the renewal of the method of theological work, the first methodological step of the article is auditus fidei followed by the step of intellectus fidei, to which the focus of the work is devoted. The principle of personality is the starting point for a wide range of ethical dilemmas at the level of applied ethics in various goals. That is why the topic is always relevant.